This is a discussion about the philosophies and ideas behind Capitalism, and the philosophies and ideas behind Statism. The discussion of Capitalism comes first, followed by the discussion of Statism.
THE PHILOSOPHIES AND POLITICAL IDEAS BEHIND CAPITALISM
Philosophies and political ideas that create, promote, support, establish, defend, maintain, and provide a moral defense for Capitalism:
- Individualism and Objectivity towards Reality
- Rational Self-interest
- “Primacy of Existence” ideas (Ayn Rand)
- Fundamental Principle and Practice of Reason
- The Individual’s Inalienable Right to his/her own Life
- Application of the Rational Concept of Freedom (as presented by Dr. George Reisman in Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics)
- Man’s life as the standard of value (Ayn Rand)
- Objectivism (the philosophy of Ayn Rand)
- the 18th century Enlightenment and philosophers
- Jeffersonian Conservatism
- Irreligious Conservatism
- John Adams’ Limited Federalism
- The Austrian School of Economics
- Classical Liberalism or Market Liberalism
- Individual freedom and liberty
- Individual rights, including property rights
- freedom of and freedom from religious and ideas (separation of church and state)
- the ideas/concepts behind an objective rule of law
- A proper, objectively established constitutionally-limited government
Pro-Reality, Pro-Reason, Pro-Man, Pro-Freedom, and Pro-Capitalism writings of:
- John Locke
- Adam Smith: Wealth of Nations
- James Mill, John Stuart Mill, and David Hume
- David Ricardo and Jean-Baptiste Say
- Thomas Paine: Common Sense
- Thomas Jefferson: The Declaration of Independence
- Ayn Rand: Atlas Shrugged; Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal
- Ludwig Von Mises (Austrian School of Economics)
- Henry Hazlitt: Economics in One Lesson
- Frederich August Hayek and Murray Rothbard
- George Reisman: Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics
- Andrew Bernstein: The Capitalist Manifesto
- Thomas Sowell
- Walter E. Williams
Capitalism represents Economic Freedom fueled by Individual Freedom.
THE PHILOSOPHIES AND POLITICAL IDEAS BEHIND STATISM
Philosophies and political ideas that create, promote, support, establish, and maintain Statism (in any of its various forms):
- Altruism, and its political application, Collectivism
- Irrationalism and Subjectivism
- “Primacy of Consciousness” ideas
- Religion and Mysticism, and all related dogmas
- “Man is Evil and must be enslaved/controlled” ideas
- The Individual’s Life belongs to the State/Group
- Application of the Anarchic Concept of Freedom (As presented by Dr. George Reisman in Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics)
- Socialism and Communism
- Marxism and Leninism
- Fascism and Totalitarianism
- Nazism (National Socialism)
- Polylogism (such as Marxian Polylogism), see Ayn Rand’s explanation of Polylogism at The Ayn Rand Lexicon online.
- Nationalism and Nationalist Federalism
- Authoritarian Conservatism
- Alexander Hamilton style Centralized Federalism (mercantilism and imperialism), see article “The Founding Father of Crony Capitalism,” by Thomas J. DiLorenzo.
- Theocratic Conservatism
- Democracy (majority rule, mob rule)
- Aristocracy, Feudalism, Kingdoms, Tribalism
- Multiculturalism and Egalitarianism
- Keynesianism (statist economics)
- “Common Wealth” Economics Ideologies
- Social Liberalism or Democratic Liberalism
- Progressivism, both Leftist and Conservative forms
- Modern day Leftist-Liberalism Ideas and Agenda
- Modern day Leftist-Elitism or Elitist Liberalism
- Post Modernism
- Democrat Leftists and Progressives
- Modern day U.S. Democrat Party oriented towards socialist political ideas, policies, and agendas
- Modern day U.S. Republican Party oriented towards religious political ideas, policies, and agendas
- Anti-industrial and anti-technology ideas
- Unionism and Government Mandated Monopolies
- Alarmist Politics
- Fear-Mongering and/or Panic-Mongering Ideologies (such as over-population, depletion of natural resources, and global warming)
- Leftist Victim-hood Ideology
- Government Controlled (Public) School ideas/concepts
- Environmentalism & Global Warming Hysteria
- and any other “man’s life belongs to the state, the church, or the group” idea, belief, religion, or philosophy.
Anti-Reality, Anti-Reason, Anti-Man, Anti-Freedom, and Pro-Statism writings of:
- Immanuel Kant and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
- Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: The Communist Manifesto
- Vladimir Lenin
- John Dewey
- John Maynard Keynes: Keynesian Economics
- and the contemporary writings of environmentalists John Muir, Henry David Thoreau, Rachel Carson, and Al Gore.
Statism represents Economic Chaos built on Collective Slavery.
Statism represents Institutionalized Slavery.
Environmentalism represents Collective-Socialist Green Slavery.
REGARDING THE DANGER OF ENVIRONMENTALISM
In addressing the miserable state of current social-political affairs worldwide, I want to emphasize the extreme and alarming danger of the present day ever-growing Environmental Movement (Environmentalism) and its mindless, emotionally-intoxicating, irrational, mankind-hateful, economic fear-oriented, non-scientific, and destructive ideas and activities against all freedom-oriented, industrialized, capitalistic social-political systems and societies worldwide. I want to especially emphasize the Environmental Movement’s feverish hatred and fear towards mankind and industrialized society – meaning the environmentalists’ hatred towards and fear of:
- individual and economic freedom (Capitalism),
- individual rights and property rights,
- free societies, and free-markets and commerce,
- science and today’s life-saving technology and industry,
- business and economic productivity,
- human prosperity, wealth production, and economic progress,
- a civilization of peaceful, voluntary cooperation among individuals and businesses (where no coercive government force, regulation, control, or tyranny can be used, only where a proper government recognizes and protects the rights of man),
- industrial civilization and all the benefits and prosperity it brings to the human race,
- reason and logic,
- human ability and ingenuity, and
- human life itself.
”The essential, all encompassing doctrine of the environmental movement is that the continuation of economic progress is both impossible and dangerous.”
— Dr. George Reisman, from his book Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics, Part One, “The Foundations of Economics,” Chapter 3, “Natural Resources and The Environment,” Part B, “The Ecological Assault on Economic Progress,” Section 2, “The Claims of the Environmental Movement and Its Pathology of Fear and Hatred,” p. 76 (Jameson Books, 1998). Reprinted with permission.
My Interpretation of the Environmental Movement.
From what I have personally studied, it is my opinion that, fundamentally, Environmentalism is nothing more than a “nature-oriented mysticism” – in what could almost be described as a religion, where “nature” has replaced a “god” – where its followers and supporters are “religiously” fanatical about their “belief” that nature is the Good, and man is the Evil, and that this fundamental idea is “above” any proof, evidence, or debate. The environmental movement (environmentalism) stems from the fundamental belief that the of “value” of nature is allegedly intrinsic in nature itself, and such value has nothing to do whatsoever with man’s relationship with nature, meaning with existence – where the “value” of a thing in nature (an animal, a tree, a rock, or even the whole of “nature” itself) is completely separated, even severed, from any possible type of relationship that man might have with nature, including the use of his reasoning mind to discover, understand, and use nature (including natural resources) towards the betterment and prosperity of his life.
But “value” is not intrinsic in anything. “Value” is a concept that man forms to identify, explain, and guide his relationship with existence, with all things in reality – as all his concepts do – and the concept of “value” can only be applied by man, the conceptual animal. The concept of value gives man the ability to distinguish between what is good and beneficial to him and for him in reality, and what is bad, evil, harmful, and destructive to him and for him in reality. Non-conceptual animals, plants, and inanimate objects cannot conceptualize anything: not “values,” not “good,” not “evil,” not “rights,” not “beneficial,” not even the concept “nothing.” Non-conceptual animals, plants, and inanimate objects just “are” – they just exist – they are neither good nor bad. The concept “value” does not exist mysteriously somehow “inside” nature, or “inside” any or all other entities in the universe. Because of man’s nature as a conceptual being, it is only man that forms the concept of value to help identify, explain, and guide his relationship with existence, good and bad – and that includes the individual’s ability to judge his/her relationships with all other human beings.
For example: non-conceptual animals and plants cannot conceive (conceptualize) any idea of “value” that the sun has for their survival, good or bad – they only perceive and react to existence. Man, on the other hand, because he can and must conceptualize in order to survive, can conceive the concept of value in his relationship to the sun, and therefore, can identify and explain why the sun has “good” value to life as in helping plants grow and providing warmth, but in other instances has “bad” value as damaging skin or harming eyes. In this same vain, man can, through the concept of value, identify and judge such things as:
1) why Capitalism and Freedom is good, beneficial, and essential to our survival, prosperity, and peaceful existence, and why Statism and Coercive Government Force is bad, evil, harmful, and destructive to our survival and prosperity, and creates social tyranny and economic chaos, and
2) why Property Rights and Wealth Production are also good, beneficial, and essential to our survival, prosperity, and peaceful existence, and why Environmentalism and Wealth Redistribution (forced confiscation of property) are also bad, evil, harmful, and destructive to our survival and prosperity, and creates social tyranny and economic chaos.
— For a full, complete discussion regarding the dangers and “assault” of Environmentalism against human life and the economy, including a good explanation of the “alleged intrinsic value of nature” that environmentalism is based upon, see Dr. George Reisman’s essay “The Ecological Assault Against Economic Progress,” from his book Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics, Part One, “The Foundations of Economics,” Chapter 3, “Natural Resources and the Environment,” Part B, “The Ecological Assault Against Economic Progress,” pp. 76-115 (Jameson Books, 1998). Also see Dr. George Reisman’s pamphlet essay The Toxicity of Environmentalism – this essay was also published at the Ludwig Von Mises Institute website.
Environmentalism – and its extended Global Warming hysteria – IS NOT based on an objective, rational, or scientific approach and/or view towards truly understanding nature and existence, or man’s relationship to nature and existence. Environmentalism is fundamentally based on a subjective, irrational, and mystical approach to, and view of, nature and existence, backed by its underlying hatred of man, his life, his rational mind, and every good attribute that belongs to man, freedom, and industrial civilization. It is my opinion that Environmentalism, as any type of serious intellectual movement, is fundamentally-conceptually flawed from its beginning inception because it is fundamentally driven by emotionalism, irrationalism, fear, and hatred towards mankind, economic progress, and industrial civilization, and has nothing to do whatsoever with true scientific study, or anything to do with the use of reason and logic, or anything to do with providing a better life for mankind.
Environmentalism is a statist ideology because it replaces the “god” (in Theocracies) or the “society,” the “state,” the “common good” (as in Socialist or Communist countries) with “nature” as the fundamental axiom upon which all human beings must sacrifice themselves to, and be forced to do so by the state (government or ruling group). In any manner, under Statism, man’s life (human life) belongs to the state (government or ruling group) no matter what the fundamental reason – a god, society, or nature. Under Environmentalism, human beings must sacrifice themselves for the good of nature – and like any other type of Statism, this is accomplish only by government force and tyranny by the “selected” few who control the state.
It is my opinion that if the present Environmental Movement and Global Warming hysteria is not curtailed and stopped, then all the benefits of individual freedom, Capitalism, and a peaceful industrial civilization will be lost, with disastrous, dire consequences for all of mankind. Witness the present day murder of millions of people every year due to malaria and the governmental forbidden use of DDT to kill mosquitoes. This is Environmentalism in action, and it is vile to its core.
”All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”
— Quote attributed to Edmund Burke (1729-1797), British Statesman.
Again, Environmentalism represents Collective-Socialist Green Slavery.