This represents my interpretation, discussion, and commentary regarding the concept of the Separation of Science and State versus the concept of the Union of Science and State. My comments regarding Separation come first, followed by my comments regarding Union.
SEPARATION of SCIENCE and STATE
The Separation of Science and State (only under Capitalism) represents private, competitive, unrestricted, unregulated scientific and technological research and programs. Capitalism represents the freedom to pursue new and/or controversial scientific ideas. A laissez-faire economy encourages, promotes, and provides limitless amounts of scientific and technological advancements and benefits to the general public.
For a thorough discussion on the topics of separation of state and various private sectors, please see Dr. George Reisman’s Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics, Chapter 20, “Toward the Establishment of Laissez-faire Capitalism,” pp. 969-990 (Jameson Books, 1998).
UNION of SCIENCE and STATE
This Union of Science and State (only under Statism) represents State (government or ruling group) mandated, forced, regulated, controlled, funded and/or operated scientific and technological research and programs. Under Statism, there is control of, or prevention of, the pursuit of new and/or controversial scientific ideas and techniques. All scientific and technological funding and research directed towards the service and expansion political power, and of state (government) control, its programs, and its military.