This is my interpretation, discussion, and commentary regarding the various forms of social-political systems that are possible and/or can develop out of the applications of the fundamental defining elements of each system. Thus the title “Variations of a Theme.” The discussion of Capitalism’s possible variations comes first, followed by the discussion of Statism’s possible variations.
TYPES OF CAPITALIST GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS
A capitalist government system is any laissez-faire capitalistic, constitutionally-limited government system that is formed on the recognition of individual rights, property rights, and where “all property is privately owned,” (Ayn Rand). There is only one true capitalist social-political system possible: Laissez-faire Capitalism.
Perhaps the closest example of a true laissez-faire capitalist system the world has ever experienced was the United States of America from approximately 1865 to 1925, despite even the introduction of such statist government legislation as the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. For a full discussion on this period in U.S. history, please see Andrew Bernstein’s essay “The Inventive Period” from his book The Capitalist Manifesto, Chapter 5, pp. 137-161 (University Press of America, 2005).
I would like to point out that while the United States of America is the greatest historical example yet of a capitalistic country, it is not necessarily the only possible model of forming a true freedom-oriented, laissez-faire capitalistic nation under a proper, objectively established, constitutionally-limited government. The of the United States government, though fundamentally oriented around individual freedom and rights, is nonetheless structured around the concept of states’ rights – because the U.S. is a collection of states. However, as the title of this segment implies (variations on a theme), the types of capitalistic social-political systems possible elsewhere are as limitless as the mind and imagination of a free man is limitless.
For example, there might exist someday a Non-Party Affiliated Style of Capitalist Government. Or perhaps a Capitalist Government set up to function within a nation where there are no separate, individual states, or no internal “political/governmental” boundaries whatsoever, only the boundaries and limits of private property. Or perhaps a Capitalist Government set up to function within a Space Colony Nation separated from planet Earth.
Another example of a Capitalist Government might include four branches of government: an executive branch, a legislative branch, a judicial branch, and perhaps an Violation of Rights Overview Branch – a branch of government that polices and monitors the other three branches of government against any governmental violations and infringements of individual rights, property rights, derivative freedoms, and all commerce activities and applications, as well as overseeing government activities, legislation, and judicial decisions regarding their relationship and affect towards individual rights, property rights, derivative freedoms, and all commerce (business) activity and applications. Sort of a “fourth” element in a proper government’s internal checks and balances.
The important thing to remember is that as long as the structure of a capitalistic government is established and implemented under the fundamental principles of Capitalism – the recognition and protection of individual rights and property rights, private ownership of all property, individual and economic freedom, a complete laissez-faire unregulated free-market and commerce, the objective rule of law, with the government limited to its three basic functions: a proper objective justice system (courts), proper police protection, and proper military defense – any such system will be established as a truly freedom-oriented, laissez-faire capitalist social-political system and country. Only the details and specifics of implementing the fundamental principles of Freedom and Capitalism in forming a proper, objectively established, constitutionally-limited protective government will vary.
With many nations competing on the basic principles of individual freedom, individual rights, property rights, and free-market economics, there would exist endless possibilities of how a proper capitalistic, limited government could be formed, structured, and established – the end result still being a free, laissez-faire capitalist society.
TYPES OF STATIST GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS
- Mixed-economies (semi-statist political systems) Democracies (majority rule or mob rule governments)
- Theocracies (of any and all types of religion or mysticism)
- Socialist ruled governments or dictatorships
- Communist ruled governments or dictatorships
- Fascist ruled governments or dictatorships
- Nazis governments and dictatorships
- Nationalist governments
- Judicial Oligarchies
- Aristocracies, Kingdoms, Monarchies, Oligarchies
- Primitive Tribal Communes
- Ecologracy (what I call statist systems and/or governments that are based on the ideas of environmentalism, conservationism, or any other ecological ideology oriented towards the “blind” and/or mystical worship of nature, and the ignorance, hatred, and fear of mankind and his unique intelligence, of individual freedom, of economic progress, and of industrial civilization).
“Ecologracy” is my own original term for an environmental-ecological type statist system and government – where the citizenry of a country is forced into political slavery to serve nature and environmental agenda, ideals, policy, and practices. For example, the current “man-made global warming” hysteria, and the political push to force conservationism, are political ways to accomplish the establishment of an Ecologracy.
No matter what you call any of these statist-oriented systems, it is still state (government or ruling group) force, control, and tyranny over the lives of individuals and the economy.
Important Note regarding mixed-economies.
Though a mixed-economy is not technically a pure statist social-political system, I include it in my Statism column because a mixed-economy is also NOT a true capitalist social-political system either. In Ayn Rand’s words, a mixed-economy is simply a “semi-socialized economy” (Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal). Mixed-economies are free-market oriented systems with limited elements of free-market business and limited individual rights, including limited property rights that are regulated and controlled to various degrees by a statist government and its agencies, and differ from one to the next only to the degree of (1) statist-socialist-communist-Marxist governmental intervention, policies, practices, mandates, regulation, force, and control, and (2) whatever elements of Capitalism, freedom, individual rights, and property rights that are allowed to exist and function under a statist-oriented government and/or ruling group (such as the current 2008 United States Congress, the current 2008 Canadian Parliament, or the current 2008 English Parliament).
As the title of this segment implies “variations of a theme,” the types of statist social-political systems that can possibly be established are by no means limited to the social-political systems listed above.
Any social-political system established under the fundamental principles of Statism – an individual’s life belongs to the state (the government or ruling group), and such state regulates and controls the economic system of the country – such a system is still a statist social-political system and country. Only the details of implementing the fundamental principles of Statism in the form of some type of statist government will vary.
The end result is still the same: control and enslavement of a country’s citizens, partial-to-total regulation and control of a country’s economic and social system, and state (government) force and tyranny.
And no matter the final form a Statist-type government may take, the one fundamental element will always remain and exist: that man’s life belongs to the state (meaning the individual life of all and every single man, woman, and child).
A word on the Fundamental Difference between The United States of America and Europe.
The United States of America was formed and established on the fundamental principles of Individualism and Individual Freedom, including the naturally based (not those endowed) Individual Rights, Property Rights, and Derivative Freedoms, along with the principles of an Unregulated Free-Market Economy (economic freedom). These were the basic concepts upon which The United States of America and its constitutionally-limited, representational government were formed and established. For the first time in the history of mankind, the government was formed to serve and protect man the individual, NOT to enslave or control man. The United States government was initially formed and established to recognize, preserve, defend, and protect individual freedom, individual rights, including property rights, and derivative freedoms – and if the U.S. were (and is) to survive, that meant for all individuals, men and women alike, for all races, creeds, and colors.
European countries to date have always been formed and established with the fundamental principles of Statism, that is, with the principles of Collectivism and some form of State Force and Control over the Individual (meaning force and control by a government or ruling group), including the fundamental view that the individual’s life belongs to the state (government or ruling group) where Individual Rights or Property Rights are limited or do not exist – whether the country’s government was in the form of a tribal commune, a Roman Empire and Caesar, a church or religion, a monarchy, a kingdom of sorts, or some type of socialist, nationalist, communist, Nazi, or fascist regime. Even though there are examples of limited individual freedom and rights, including the practice and protection of property rights, throughout Europe, European governments have generally been established under some form of Statism. Also, the European Economies have always been oriented around some form of State (government or ruling group) regulation and control – creating not true capitalist economies, but semi-socialist economies, that is, mixed-economies.
As with any other country in the world, if the countries of Europe are ever to break free of the chains of Statism, they must first adopt, establish, and start with the fundamental principle that the individual’s life (man or woman) does not belong to the State (government or ruling group), but that individual’s life belongs only onto themselves as independent human beings, and that the purpose of any formed and established government is to recognize, preserve, defend, and protect Individual Freedom, Economic Freedom, Individual Rights, Property Rights, and Derivative Freedoms of all individuals and businesses, while also defending, protecting, and not interfering with an Unregulated Free-Market Economy, letting it exist and function as such.
This is the only way to rid Europe, and the rest of the world, of Statism, in any and all of its forms.
A WORD OF CAUTION TO AMERICANS:
If the United States of America is to continue to survive as it was initially intended in Freedom and Capitalism (see above), then Statism in any and all of its forms (nationalism, socialism, leftist-liberalism, communism, Marxism, fascism, or environmentalism) MUST be rejected, shunned, denounced, stopped, and any statist-oriented politicians and government officials discouraged away from government and voted out of office. Especially, Socialism, Environmentalism, and the “man-made” Global Warming hysteria MUST be completely and unequivocally rejected, shunned, and denounced.
If the U.S.A. is to survive as its original intent, then the United States government must be returned to, and kept limited and constrained, to its original constitutional duties and directives of recognizing, preserving, defending, and protecting the individual freedom, individual rights, including property rights, and derivative freedoms of all individuals, men and women alike, for all races, creeds, and colors, as well as recognizing, preserving, defending, and protecting an unregulated free-market economy